Grand Mosque

Bursa Grand Mosque (Turkish:Ulu Cami) is a mosque in Bursa, Turkey. Ordered by Sultan Bayezid I, the mosque was designed and built by architect Ali Neccar in 1396–1400. The mosque has 20 domes and 2 minarets.

Ulu Cami is the largest mosque in Bursa and a landmark of early Ottoman architecture which used many elements from the Seljuk architecture. It is a large rectangular building, with twenty domes arranged in four rows of five that are supported by twelve columns. Supposedly the twenty domes were built instead of the twenty separate mosques which Sultan Bayezid I had promised for winning the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. The mosque has two minarets.
There is also a fountain (şadırvan) inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight which creates a soft light below, playing an important role in the illumination of the large building.

The horizontally spacious and dimly lit interior is designed to feel peaceful and contemplative. The subdivisions of space formed by multiple domes and pillars create a sense of privacy and even intimacy.

Muradiye Complex

The Muradiye Complex or the Complex of Sultan Murat II, the Ottoman sultan who ruled 1421-1451, is located in the city of Bursa in Turkey.

Sultan Murat II was the last of the Ottoman sultans to reign in the original Ottoman capitol of Bursa, previous to the conquest of Constantinople in 1453. There are twelve tombs (türbe) in the complex, all belonging to relatives of this sultan. Construction of the complex began after the completion of the Yeşil Mosque, which is in the eastern area of Bursa. A large earthquake in 1855 damaged much of the Muradiye complex, and restorations have since been completed.

The large complex is composed of the Muradiye Mosque, Muradiye Madrasa, Muradiye Bath, Muradiye Hospice, a fountain, epitaphs, Sultan Murat II’s tomb, Şehzade Ahmed’s tomb, Cem Sultan’s tomb, Şehzade Mahmud’s tomb, Şehzade Mustafa’s tomb, Gülşah Sultan’s tomb, Ebe Hatun’s tomb, Hüna Hatun-Ak Tomb, Mukrime Hatun’s tomb, the Saraylilar tomb, Gülrah Sultan’s tomb and Sirin Hatun’s tomb.