The Gallipoli peninsula (Turkish: Gelibolu Yarımadası; English /ɡəˈlɪpɵli/; Greek: Καλλίπολη) is located in Turkish Thrace (or East Thrace), the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles straits to the east. Gallipoli derives its name from the Greek “Καλλίπολις” (Kallipolis), meaning “Beautiful City”. In antiquity, it was known as the Thracian Chersonese (Latin: Chersonesus Thracica, Greek: Θρακική Χερσόνησος).
The World War I battle for control of the Dardanelles (Hellespont) strait was fought mainly on Turkey’s Gallipoli peninsula (map), with appalling casualties. Around 100,000 were killed and 400,000 wounded during the nine-month campaign (1915-1916).